Thursday, March 22, 2007

Ephemera - Typewritten Recipes 1

1. Chocolate Polka Dot Cake
Ing: 2 Lion Eggs; 5ozs. Castor Sugar; 4 ozs. Polka Dots; 3 tblsp. Sugar Syrup; 6.5 ozs. Flour; 1 level teasp. Baking Powder; 2.5 fluid ozs. Milk.
Method: Break eggs into bowl. Heat Sugar at Gas Mark 5.5 for 6 mins., tip swiftly onto sugar and whip till mixture becomes smooth and creamy. Soften Polka Dots in small pan with sugar syrup, fold into cake mixture and stir in flour and milk gently. Bake in two oiled-paper-lined Victoria sponge tins at gas mark 5 for 12 mins. Fill with chocolate butter cream and ise with softened Polka Dots.

2. Chocolate Polka Dot Meringues - see image.

3. Omelette norvegienne - see image.

4. Neilson's ice cream cholcate swans.
Draw to scale on the back of cheap plastic material a swan's neck, two wings and a tail. Cut out. Tow the shiny side over a bowl of softened Pola Dots, leave to set. Peel off. Cut an oval of sponge for each swan base. Pipe round the edge with butter cream. Affix neck, wings and tail into this holding mixture. Fill the centre of each swan with a generous blob of chosen Neilson's Ice Cream. Decorate with whipped cream and crystallised flowers. Serve immediately.

5. Cafe Brulot - see image.

Post-war Anglo-Saxon cooking is surely defensible only in the context of wartime economy. Those recpies which are not bland beyond non-description, are artifical and plastiky, yet still preferable to today's microwave culture. No. 4 above is a by no means unique example of this lazy obsession with playing with and shaping food over the hours of experimentation and imitation required to be able to cook.

6. Coffee Baravoise - see image

7. Henry VII Shoe Buckles - see image

8. French Omlette - see image

9. Heinz Baby & Junior Foods Omelette
Ing: 2 or more Lion eggs; 1 tin Heinz Junior Vegetable and Beef; 1 tin Heinz Strained Beef and Liver; 2 tblsp. top of the Milk or Single Cream; 1 oz. Butter.
Method: Beat Lion Eggs lightly. Season with salt and pepper. Cook as instructed, spread with half a tin of Heinz Junior Vegetable and Beef, flip over one fold, turn out - thus making second fold. Cover with contents of hald tin Heinz Strained Beef and Liver. Finish with Milk or cream. Serve immediately.

10. Fruit Souffle - see image

Ephemera - Perfect Cooking by Parkinson

Cookery books typically prove an ephemera junkie's paradise, with blank final pages doubling as a scribblepad and loose leaves being thrust in at random. An exceptional instance of this was provided by the above title, which is not only rare enough itself, but contains numerous such inserts. These will be published or reprinted in our blog entries throughout the coming week.

Bibliographical reference: Perfect Cooking: A Comprehensive Guide to Success in the Kitchen, Entered at Stationer's hall. All rights reserved. Written and compiled by the Staff of the Demonstration and Research Department of the Parkinson Stove co., ltd.,. With a Section on Fascinating Foods from Abroad contributed by Miss GWEN L. HUGHES, Dipl. of Dom. Sc., Melbourne, Australia. Revised, November 1947. Hardcover, in green cloth. pp. 275.

The section on foods from overseas alluded to above betrays a remarkably wide appreciation of international cuisine, and the recipe list is worth quoting in full here.

Borstch, Herring Salad (Germany), Soles aux fines herbes et au vin blanc (Brittany), Soles à la bonne femme (Banska Bystrica), Bacǎlao, Leipziger Allerlei (German), Aubergine provencale, Braun Katoffler (Danish). Pommes de terre savoyard, Spaghetti (Italy), Ravioli (Italy), Pieta, Sheese-filled pockets, Gibanitsa (Chesse Tart), Djuvetch, Musaka, Ražnjići, Kajmak (Kaimak), SourMilk, Joghurt, Slatko, Slatko of Roses, Black Coffee, Slava Cake - Zito, Chinese Steamed Rice, A Famous Chinese Fish Dish, Chinese Savouries, Japanese Beef Sukiyaki, Hungarian Goulash, Sauer Kraut, Wiener Schnitzel, Filet Mignon Henri V., Schnitzel Garni, Fillet of Veal with Mushrooms, Crôute Fromage (Swiss), French Pêches bourdaloue, Caramel Sauce, French Toast, Little Plum Puddings (Czechoslovakia), Czecho-Slovak Cakes, Bratislava Rozky, Kolac, God's Grace, Noodles, Vanilla Kipfel, Christmas Stars, Black Boys in Shirts, Anicka's Little Coffins, Tvaroh, Knedlicky, Strudel, Spinach Pie, Apfel Strudel, Baba au Rhum, Crêpes suzettes, Paris Biscuits, Cornflake Nutties, Passion-fruit flummery, Swedish Wafers, Hjortetak, A Swedish Wedding Cake, Gurabija, Nuremberg Merigues, Petits Fours, Pernik, and Boiled Eggless Cake. Any of these can be supplied on request. Please contact us through the Midnight Oil Books website.

Saturday, March 17, 2007

Ephemera - Concert Annonce

"The Philharmonia Concert Society Ltd. (Artistic Director: WALTER LEGGE) Thursday Next, at 8

SCHUBERT Nacht und Träume / Suleikas Erster Gesang / Suleikas Zweiter Gesang / Fischerweise
R. STRAUSS Three Orphelia Songs from Shakespeare's "Hamlet" / Wer lieben will muss leiden / Ach was Kummer, Qual und Schmerzen / Morgen / Ständchen
WOLF Wenn du zu den Blumen gehst Sagt, seid Ihr es feiner Herr Trau nicht der Liebe Unfall / Die Zigeunerin
WOLF-FERRARI Songs from the 'Italienisches Liederbuch' (1936) (Settings of Tuscan Folk-Poems) Op. 17 / (First performance in Great Britain)

Tickets: 7/6, 10/6, 15/-, 21/-, 25/- from Hall (WAT. 3191) & usual Agents."

Sadly nothing more survives of this cutting. What newspaper was this published in? And in what year/month? Did Moore and Schwarzkopf perform regularly together or was this a rare occasion? Were you at the performance and do you remember it? Cf. Comments.

Ephemera - An Introduction to Mission in History


A. No Mission without History!

Why our understanding and practical involvement in mission is deeply affected by history, and needs to take a lively interest in history.

B. A Pattern of Mission History emerges in the New Testament.

Luke, the Evangelist and first church historian discerns a pattern of developments: God's Spirit overcomes barriers... Believers act responsively and sacrificially... Response mixed with compromising sin... Barriers re-erected by human antagonism and satanic opposition... The Spirit's initiative is renewed.

C. From Pentecost to the Present: Four Periods of Mission History

1. Pentecost to AD 500 - Suffering and Vindication

The Church living in the shadow of the Roman empire, penetrating society within and beyond the empire's boundaries. The Church weak, and yet strong through its witnesses, martyrs and teachers of faith.

  • [-] 64 Persecution begins under Nero
  • 180 First Christian King (Edessa)
  • 303 Last Roman Persecution (Diocletian)
  • 313 Edict of Toleration signed in Milan
  • 339 Forty years Persecution begins in Persia
  • 343 Ulfilas' mission to the Goths
  • 410 Alaric sacks Rome
  • 426 Augustine of Hippo writes "City of God"
  • 431 Patrick sent to Ireland
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2. AD 500 to 1500 - Conquest and Defeat

The Church assumes temporal power. Two dominant ecclesiastical centres: Rome and Constantinople. Christianisation of all Europe. North Africa, wholely, and the Middle East partially lost to Islam. Growth of "Fortress Christendom". The Church strong and yet weak.

  • 496 Conversion of Clovis, King of the Franks
  • 590 Gregory the Great made Bishop of Rome
  • 596 Gregory sends Augustine to Canterbury
  • 622 Mohammed establishes his community in Medina
  • 635 Alopen arrives as a missionary in China
  • 719 Mission of Boniface to German tribes
  • 800 Charlemagne crowned Emperor by Pope
  • 862 Cyril and Methodius evangelise the Slavs
  • 1096 First Crusade
  • 1208 Francis of Assisi gathers and sends out his friars
  • 1272 Thomas Aquinas writes his Summa Theologica
  • 1415 John Huss burnt at the stake
3. AD 1500 to 1900 - Division and Expansion

Reformation divide, yet the expansion of Europe. Mission runs parallel with colonisation, seaborn to the coastlands and then overland into the interior. Atrocities and compromise. Holiness and heroism.
  • 1492 Isabella of Spain defeats the Moors at Granada. Columbus crosses the Atlantic and reaches West Indies
  • 1517 Luther posts his 95 thesis on door of Wittenberg Cathedral
  • 1541 Frances Xavier arrives in India
  • 1700 Peter the Great christianises the Russian Empire
  • 1792 William Carey writes his "Enquiry"
  • 1807 British parliament votes for the abolition of the slave trade
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  • 1813 East India Act increases the access of missionaries to India
  • 1856 David Livingstone crosses the African continent
4. AD 1900 to the Present. Testing and Evaluation

The Church is tested by world wars, resurgent religions, secular ideologies. Enhanced opportunities and compounded difficulties. Southward shift in Christian influence. Attempted re-evaluation of the missionary enterprise.
  • 1909 Pentecostal stirrings in South America
  • 1910 World Missionary Conference in Edinburgh
  • 1914 Outbreak of First World War
  • 1917 Bolshevik Revolution
  • 1922 Willem van Rossum becomes "missionary Pope"
  • 1952 Missionaries expelled from China
  • 1968 Latin American bishops support liberation thrology at Medillin conference
  • 1974 Evangelicals at Lausanne Congress pledge themselves to world evangelisation
D. Six Ways of Mission Demonstrated in History

APOSTOLIC: The New Testament pattern and model explained in B.

ANONYMOUS: The unselfconscious witness of ordinary people: [-elided-]

ESTABLISHMENT: Development of orders of ministry, patterns of worship, and systems of theology. The attempt to mold society as a whole according to the Gospel.

CHARISMATIC: Renewed energy and gifts of the Spirit disturbing the institutional church.

VOLUNTARY: The attempt to [-elided-]

RADICAL: Protest against political and social status quo.

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E. Biblical, Christian and Missionary Understandings of History

(a) A SCHOOL FOR MATURITY: "God made temporal things for the sake of man, that by their means he might grow to maturity and bear fruit for immortality." Irenaeus. "History for Irenaeus, was an education by which God led the human race to maturity and would bring all "to a head in Christ". R.A. Markus

(b) THE STAGE FOR A POWERFUL DRAMA: "there was in Christianity a propulsive was forever giving rise to something new... I could not guarantee that its contribution would remain unmixed with contradictory elements... It had failed to safeguard the Roman Empire after that state had professed allegiance to it... It had not preserved the structure of medieval Europe it had done so much to shape... [-elided-] More than one of the movements of which it was the source was diverted to quite un-Christian purposes... Yet in Christianity was a vital force impelling man towards the "high calling of God". Kenneth Scott Latourette

(c) THE UNFOLDING OF GOD'S PURPOSE: "I am God. I make known the end from the beginning... My purpose will stand... What I have planned, that will I do." Isaiah 46:10 "Israel's history has a purpose running through it... an end to which it is moving... Since God had set Israel in a universe he had created, that universe too must have an end... This end is not merely the last moment in a series of historical moments; it is also the meaning of the whole." George Knight

Ephemera - Pressed Plants 3

And finally...

"This is probably the Soft Shield Fern (Polystichum setiferum)
"Was it growing as a "garden fern"? It's very like the one I bought from a local nursery as Soft Shield Fern. Sometimes the garden ones are a little different from the wild ones! But Soft Shield Fern is very near the mark. I think.

Ephemera - Pressed Plants 2

And here we have the aforementioned Polypody (Polypodium vulgane) showing both a curled fern and an outstretched one.

Ephemera - Pressed Plants 1

"This one defeats me!"

...and we are none the wiser either.

"This one defeats me!
Was it growing in a wet or
dry place; and is a wild
or a garden fern? In a
hedgebank or on a wall?
It's a bit like the Black
Spleenwort, but the stem is
green and not black!
Also, if the back of the
leaves don't have spores
(as in the Polypody)
identification is more difficult."

Ephemera - Dundee Municipal Elections 1969


"Tuesday 6th May
"Craigie Ward 4
"P. R. Starling

"The Progressive Candidate


"78 Seafield Road,

"Ladies and Gentlemen,

"I am honoured to be selected by the Dundee Ratepayers' and Electors Association to stand as Progressive candidate for Craigie Ward.

"Since my co-option to the Dundee Town Council, it has been my pleasant duty to represent you on many Corporation Committees, where I have endeavoured to serve your interests to the best of my ability.

"I have called upon many of you in your homes, and have taken a keen interest in your personal problems.

"Dundee has been my home since the War, and as a citizen of Dundee I have taken an active interest in the affairs of the Dundee Ratepayers' and Electors' Association, both as a committee member and as a candidate.

"I would therefore ask the ratepayers in the Craigie Ward to have confidence in me and vote for me on Tuesday, 6th May.

"Progressive Achievements
  1. New civic theatre.
  2. Development of New Central Site.
  3. Satisfactory industrial situation.
  4. Direct air service to London.
  5. Social and Health and Welfare buildings functioning in 1969."
Questions arising:

Was the candidate successful?
If not, who did?
What has become of the Ratepayers' and Electors' Association?

Searchable terms: homeless, Planning Department and Public, Inner Ring Road, Crime, Lord Provost, Progressive Administration, Scottish Secretary, Local government, Election Pledges, Pension Increase Act, Local Authority Pensions, Socialists, Teaching Auxiliaries, Nursery Schools, Further Education, Commercial College, transport, Prices & Incomes Board, Scottish Omnibus Group. Should it be necessary, I would be happy to provide the appropriate paragraphs as searchable text.

Rear side:

Ephemera - Trust Houses

Again a little ephemera found in an old book, the full text reading as follows: "Trust Houses, Ltd. / Registered Office: SHORTS' GARDENS, DRURY LANE, W.C.2 Telephone: TEMple bar 7741 / Date......19... / B.K.T. 1/54 Ref. Bin 34 / Breakfasts / Luncheons / Dinners / Teas / Coffee / Suppers / / / Ale and Stout / Wines / Spirits / Liqueurs / Minerals / Cigars / TOTAL / CU 54377 Waiter's Initials / No. of Persons.

A basic Google search gives no results of consequence for "Trust Houses" and "Drury Lane", the latter of course needing no introduction. It would be interesting to hear what these Trust Houses were, if anyone has any idea. The two leads of possible significance are the Graves Trust Houses in Sheffield, which appear to have been some sort of social bed and breakfast arrangement; and, the following line, "and inns in Great Britain under the control of Trust Houses Limited" that I am unable to reference. Again any help on this front would be much appreciated.